….HOW TO VLAN USING LINUX DISTRO….

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Setting up 802.1q VLAN tagging by loading 8021q Linux kernel driver

Check that Linux kernel driver module called 8021q is loaded:
# lsmod | grep 8021q
If it is not loaded, load it with the following modprobe command:
# modprobe 8021q

How to VLAN Linux usingCentOS/RHLE/Fedora Linux

I am using RHEL/CentOS Linux with VLAN ID # 5. So I need to copy file /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 to /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0.5
# cp /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0.5
Now, I’ve one network card (eth0) and it needs to tagged network traffic for VLAN ID 5.

  • eth0 – Your regular network interface
  • eth0.5 – Your virtual interface that use untagged frames

Do not modify /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 file. Now open file /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0.5 using a text editor such as vi, type:
# vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0.5
Find
DEVICE=eth0 line and replace with:
DEVICE=eth0.5
Also, append the following line:
VLAN=yes
Make sure you assign correct IP address using DHCP or static IP. Remove gateway entry from all other network config files. Only add gateway to /etc/sysconfig/network file. This whole configuration may sound complicated. So I am including sample configurations files for you:

/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0.5 file

# VLAN configuration for my eth0  with ID – 5 #

DEVICE=eth0.5

BOOTPROTO=none

ONBOOT=yes

IPADDR=192.168.1.5

NETMASK=255.255.255.0

USERCTL=no

NETWORK=192.168.1.0

VLAN=yes

 

/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 file

# Actual configuration for my eth0 physical interface ##

DEVICE=eth0

TYPE=Ethernet

BOOTPROTO=none

ONBOOT=yes

 

Now restart networking service on a CentOS/RHEL/Fedora Linux:
# /etc/init.d/network restart
or
# service network restart

NOTE: If you need a second VLAN i.e. you need to configure for VLAN ID 2 then copy the /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 to /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0.2 and do the above procedure again.

2nd Method:- vconfig command

Above method is perfect and works with a Red hat Enterprise Linux / CentOS / Fedora Linux without any problem. However, you will notice that there is a command called vconfig. The vconfig program allows you to create and remove vlan-devices on a vlan enabled kernel. Vlan-devices are virtual Ethernet devices which represents the virtual lans on the physical lan. This is yet another method of configuring VLAN. To add VLAN ID 5 with following command for eth0 interface:
# vconfig add eth0 5
The vconfig add command creates a vlan-device on eth0 which result into eth0.5 interface. You can use normal ifconfig command to see device information:
# ifconfig eth0.5
Use ifconfig command to assign IP address to vlan interfere:
# ifconfig eth0.5 192.168.1.100 netmask 255.255.255.0 broadcast 192.168.1.255 up
To get detailed information about VLAN interface, type:
# cat /proc/net/vlan/eth0.5
If you wish to delete VLAN interface use delete command as follows:
# ifconfig eth0.5 down
# vconfig rem eth0.5
You can see (vconfig(8) Linux man page) for more information on syntax and examples.

3rd Mathod:-VLAN device using the ip command

Use the ip command as follows for the interface eth0, and the vlan id is 5:
# ip link add link eth0 name eth0.5 type vlan id 5
# ip link
# ip -d link show eth0.5
You need to activate and add an IP address to vlan link, type:
# ip addr add 192.168.1.200/24 brd 192.168.1.255 dev eth0.5
# ip link set dev eth0.5 up
All traffic will go through the eth0 interface bith with a BLAN tag 5. Only VLAN aware devices can accept the traffic, otherwise the traffic is dropped.

 

Remove VLAN ID 5?

Type the following commands
# ip link set dev eth0.5 down
# ip link delete eth0.5

Making VLAN configuration permanent on a Debian or Ubuntu based distro?

Edit the /etc/network/interfaces file, enter:
$ sudo vi /etc/network/interfaces
Update configuration as follows:

## vlan for eth0 with ID – 5 on a Debian/Ubuntu Linux##

auto eth0.5

iface eth0.5 inet static

    address 192.168.1.200

    netmask 255.255.255.0

    vlan-raw-device eth0

 

ALHUMDULILLAH its done……